From Soviets to Most Digitalized Country in Europe
Estonia is one of the smallest countries in the European Union. But also, It is a fantastic example of how changing its country’s image with technology. Moreover, It is clear truth that Estonia leads technological transformation of the public sector among Baltic Countries, besides other EU Countries.
In this essay, I would like to mention about milestones of Estonia’s EU integration process.
Estonia, along with Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Malta, and Cyprus, becomes full members of the European Union in 2004. As you see, most of the countries of becoming members during that year, which are ex-Soviet Countries.
On the one hand, the integration of European Union Policies as an ex-Soviet Countries was a pretty hard process. In contrast, citizens hold the notion that the European Union was a big opportunity, which has helped fort his process to be faster. In the beginning of new millennium, being a member of the EU was highly advised.
In 1991, Estonia restored its independence. At the same year, United Nation Membership comes. The Agreement between the Republic of Estonia and the European Economic Community on Trade, Commercial and Economic Co-operation is signed. The Agreement enters into force on 1 February 1993.
In 1994, Negotiations start on the Association Agreement between Estonia and the EU. It was miles of stone on both sides. After a year, Estonia officially submitted its application for European Union membership.
In 2003, A referendum on the accession to the European Union and amending the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia is held. 64% of eligible citizens participate in the referendum, of which 67% voted in favour of acceding to the EU and amending the Constitution. 33% of voters vote against it. After a year, Estonia became a full member of EU, at the same year with Nato Membership.
The European Union and especially Nato membership have provided security for Estonia besides all economic benefits and open market process. By now, Estonia development has observed clearly.
Gurcan Partners is a Foreign Economic Relations Board, AmCham and Association of German Chambers of Industry and Commerce member international law and consultancy firm.
Today, Estonia is one of the pioneer countries for the integration of technology to public services as %90. For instance, e-residency, e-election, e-business registration and more.
More specifically, Estonia may be a country, which has more than 10 Million E-Residency from all over the World, and with incomes of these, tax to its citizens will be abolished.
Estonia continues to be pioneer country since 1997 and very good example how innovation has been created by one of the ex-Soviet Country.
Att. Bedrettin Gürcan
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